The microbiome is all the microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses) living in our body. An average human being would be made up of 100,000 billion bacteria, which would represent approximately 2 kg of our total weight. Clearly we have more bacteria in our body than cells (10 times more to be precise).
1/ WHERE ARE OUR BACTERIA LOCATED?
Our bacteria are gathered mainly in the intestines, which we now know play a major role in maintaining our immune system (70% of our immune system would thus be generated by our intestines). We talk about intestinal microbiota or intestinal flora to define the bacteria that are located in this area. We also find bacteria on our skin, we then speak of cutaneous microbiota or cutaneous flora. Finally, women also have bacteria in the vagina. This is the vaginal flora, essential for the health of infants!
2/ WHAT ARE THE FACTORS THAT CAN UNBALANCE OUR MICROBIOME?
Antibiotics, a diet both low in fiber and high in chemical preservatives and cesarean sections are the 4 factors implicated in the weakening of our microbiome.
BIO means LIFE in Latin. ANTI-BIO-TICS (anti-LIFE) kill everything in their path. Both good and bad bacteria and some good bacteria never regenerate after taking antibiotics. However, their consumption has steadily increased over the past 60 years. Too much antibiotics, especially in young children, can therefore weaken our microbiome.
The child's microbiome would be formed at birth by passing through the vaginal flora of its mother. The use of caesareans therefore weakens the child's microbiome.
CHEMICAL FOOD ADDITIVES
A study on mice demonstrated that a diet rich in additives causes the depletion of the microbiome. Millions of people consume additives in industrial food every day.
A DIET LOW IN FIBER
Fiber is food for our good bacteria. The less we consume (the more we fast our cells) the less we feed our flora and the less our bacteria are strong. A healthy body is including a healthy microbiome.
3/ BUT WHAT ARE THESE BACTERIA FOR?
The majority of these bacteria are good bacteria. They have several functions: they help us digest, make vitamins, protect us from disease. They even act on our brain and therefore our mood. Their role is to protect our body and our skin from external aggressions. When our microbiome is balanced we are healthy. In case of imbalance, appear diseases, sensitive skin, redness, irritation. However, we now know that our microbiome is weakened by our contemporary way of life. According to a recent study*, in the West, 1 in 4 individuals out of 100 people studied have an impoverished microbiome. We also find bacteria on our skin, we then speak of cutaneous microbiota or cutaneous flora. Finally, women also have bacteria in the vagina. This is the vaginal flora, essential for the health of infants!
A DIET RICH IN FIBER
Some researchers speak of 25 fruits and vegetables per week to restore an unbalanced flora.
A DIET RICH IN PROBIOTIC STRAINS
Opt for fermented drinks or foods such as yogurts, olives, pickles, kombucha, kefir, kimcha….
A SUPPLEMENTATION OF MICROBIOTIC STRAINS
This type of supplementation can be provided via food supplements rich in pre&probiotics such as those from DEMAIN®